Saphenous vein graft

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Saphenous vein graft
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Saphenous vein grafts for coronary arteries

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Assessment of Target Vessels for Saphenous Vein Grafting

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Saphenous Vein Graft Failure and Patency

Definition of Saphenous Vein Graft Failure

Historical Rates of Saphenous Vein Graft Failure

Determinants of Sapheous Vein Graft Patency

Saphenous vein graft failure as a Surrogate Endpoint in Clinical Trials

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-In-Chief: Cafer Zorkun, M.D., Ph.D. [2]; Jason C. Choi, M.D.; Xin Yang, M.D.

Overview

Anatomy

Harvesting

Nomenclature

Pathophysiology

Assessment of Target Vessels for Saphenous Vein Grafting

Diagnosis and Evaluation of SVG Disease

Symptoms
Chest X-Ray
CT
Cardiac Catheterization
Pathology

Saphenous Vein Graft Failure and Patency

Definition of Saphenous Vein Graft Failure
Historical Rates of Saphenous Vein Graft Failure
Determinants of Sapheous Vein Graft Patency
Saphenous vein graft failure as a Surrogate Endpoint in Clinical Trials

Treatment

2011 ACCF/AHA/SCAI Guideline Recommendations

Clinical Trials

Related Chapters

Guideline Resources

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  • S. A. Hassantash, B. Bikdeli, S. Kalantarian, M. Sadeghian, and H. Afshar Pathophysiology of Aortocoronary Saphenous Vein Bypass Graft Disease Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann, August 1, 2008; 16(4): 331 - 336.
  • A. Coolong, D. S. Baim, R. E. Kuntz, A. J. O'Malley, S. Marulkar, D. E. Cutlip, J. J. Popma, and L. Mauri. Saphenous Vein Graft Stenting and Major Adverse Cardiac Events: A Predictive Model Derived From a Pooled Analysis of 3958 Patients. Circulation, February 12, 2008; 117(6): 790 - 797.
  • R. F. Padera Jr. and F. J. Schoen. Pathology of Cardiac Surgery Card. Surg. Adult, January 1, 2008; 3(2008): 111 - 178.
  • E. Gongora and T. M. Sundt III. Myocardial Revascularization with Cardiopulmonary Bypass. Card. Surg. Adult, January 1, 2008; 3(2008): 599 - 632.
  • P. Widimsky, Z. Straka, P. Stros, K. Jirasek, J. Dvorak, J. Votava, L. Lisa, T. Budesinsky, M. Kolesar, T. Vanek, et al. One-Year Coronary Bypass Graft Patency: A Randomized Comparison Between Off-Pump and On-Pump Surgery Angiographic Results of the PRAGUE-4 Trial Circulation, November 30, 2004; 110 (22): 3418 - 3423.
  • M. A. Hlatky, D. B. Boothroyd, K. A. Melsop, M. M. Brooks, D. B. Mark, B. Pitt, G. S. Reeder, W. J. Rogers, T. J. Ryan, P. L. Whitlow, et al. Medical Costs and Quality of Life 10 to 12 Years After Randomization to Angioplasty or Bypass Surgery for Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease Circulation, October 5, 2004; 110 (14): 1960 - 1966.
  • J. G. Lobo Filho, M. C. d. A. Leitao, and A. J. d. V. Forte Studying the lumen in composite Y internal thoracic artery-saphenous vein grafts J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg., September 1, 2004; 128(3): 490 - 491.
  • E. McGregor, L. Kempster, R. Wait, M. Gosling, M. J. Dunn, and J. T. Powell. F-actin Capping (CapZ) and Other Contractile Saphenous Vein Smooth Muscle Proteins Are Altered by Hemodynamic Stress: a proteomic approach Mol. Cell. Proteomics, February 1, 2004; 3(2): 115 - 124.
  • M. Endo, Y. Tomizawa, and H. Nishida Bilateral Versus Unilateral Internal Mammary Revascularization in Patients with Diabetes Circulation, September 16, 2003; 108(11): 1343 - 1349.
  • T. D. Rea, M. Crouthamel, M. S. Eisenberg, L. J. Becker, and A. R. Lima. Temporal Patterns in Long-Term Survival After Resuscitation From Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Circulation, September 9, 2003; 108(10): 1196 - 1201.
  • M. Hilker, T. Langin, U. Hake, F.-X. Schmid, W. Kuroczynski, H.-A. Lehr, H. Oelert, and M. Buerke Gene expression profiling of human stenotic aorto-coronary bypass grafts by cDNA array analysis Eur. J. Cardiothorac. Surg., April 1, 2003; 23(4): 620 - 625.
  • J. L. Sperry, C. B. Deming, C. Bian, P. L. Walinsky, D. A. Kass, F. D. Kolodgie, R. Virmani, A. Y. Kim, and J. J. Rade Wall Tension Is a Potent Negative Regulator of In Vivo Thrombomodulin Expression Circ. Res., January 10, 2003; 92(1): 41 - 47.
  • F. J. Schoen and R. F. Padera Jr. Cardiac Surgical Pathology Card. Surg. Adult, January 1, 2003; 2(2003): 119 - 185.
  • A. Y. Kim, P. L. Walinsky, F. D. Kolodgie, C. Bian, J. L. Sperry, C. B. Deming, E. A. Peck, J. G. Shake, G. B. Ang, R. H. Sohn, et al. Early Loss of Thrombomodulin Expression Impairs Vein Graft Thromboresistance: Implications for Vein Graft Failure Circ. Res., February 8, 2002; 90(2): 205 - 212.
  • K. B. Kim, C. Lim, C. Lee, I.-H. Chae, B.-H. Oh, M.-M. Lee, and Y.-B. Park Off-pump coronary artery bypass may decrease the patency of saphenous vein grafts Ann. Thorac. Surg., September 1, 2001; 72(3): S1033 - 1037.
  • Z. Yang, T. Kozai, B. van de Loo, H. Viswambharan, M. Lachat, M. I. Turina, T. Malinski, and T. F. Luscher. HMG-CoA reductase inhibition improves endothelial cell function and inhibits smooth muscle cell proliferation in human saphenous veins J. Am. Coll. Cardiol., November 1, 2000; 36(5): 1691 - 1697.
  • H. Hirose, A. Amano, S. Yoshida, A. Takahashi, N. Nagano, and T. Kohmoto Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in the Elderly Chest, May 1, 2000; 117(5): 1262 - 1270.
  • D. R. Holmes Jr and P. B. Berger. Percutaneous Revascularization of Occluded Vein Grafts : Is It Still a Temptation to Be Resisted? Circulation, January 12, 1999; 99(1): 8 - 11.
  • Y. K. Wong, M. Thomas, V. Tsang, P. J. Gallagher, and M. E. Ward. The prevalence of Chlamydia pneumoniae in atherosclerotic and nonatherosclerotic blood vessels of patients attending for redo and first time coronary artery bypass graft surgery. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol., January 1, 1999; 33(1): 152 - 156.
  • F. D. Loop Coronary artery surgery: the end of the beginning Eur. J. Cardiothorac. Surg., December 1, 1998; 14(6): 554 - 571.
  • Z. G. Zhu, H.-H. Li, and B.-R. Zhang. Expression of Endothelin-1 and Constitutional Nitric Oxide Synthase Messenger RNA in Saphenous Vein Endothelial Cells Exposed to Arterial Flow Shear Stress Ann. Thorac. Surg., November 1, 1997; 64(5): 1333 - 1338.
  • A. Y. Kim, P. L. Walinsky, F. D. Kolodgie, C. Bian, J. L. Sperry, C. B. Deming, E. A. Peck, J. G. Shake, G. B. Ang, R. H. Sohn, et al. Early Loss of Thrombomodulin Expression Impairs Vein Graft Thromboresistance: Implications for Vein Graft Failure. Circ. Res., February 8, 2002; 90(2): 205 - 212.

References

  1. Levine GN, Bates ER, Blankenship JC, Bailey SR, Bittl JA, Cercek B, Chambers CE, Ellis SG, Guyton RA, Hollenberg SM, Khot UN, Lange RA, Mauri L, Mehran R, Moussa ID, Mukherjee D, Nallamothu BK, Ting HH (December 2011). "2011 ACCF/AHA/SCAI Guideline for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Executive Summary A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines and the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions". Journal of the American College of Cardiology 58 (24): 2550–83. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2011.08.006. PMID 22070837. Retrieved on 2011-12-08.

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