Difference between revisions of "Chikungunya primary prevention"

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==Overview==
 
==Overview==
  
The best way to prevent chikungunya infection is to avoid the [[mosquito]] bite. There is no [[vaccine]] available to prevent chikungunya [[virus]] infection.
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In the absence of an effective [[vaccine]] to prevent chikungunya [[virus]] infection, the only available tool to prevent the infection is by reducing the human-vector contact.
  
== Methods to Avoid Mosquito Bites==
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==Methods to Reduce the Risk of Chikungunya Virus Infection==
  
 
The [[mosquitoes]] that spread the chikungunya [[virus]] bite mostly during the daytime.  The most effective means of prevention are those that protect against any contact with the disease-carrying [[mosquitoes]].  
 
The [[mosquitoes]] that spread the chikungunya [[virus]] bite mostly during the daytime.  The most effective means of prevention are those that protect against any contact with the disease-carrying [[mosquitoes]].  

Revision as of 19:00, 13 June 2014

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Alejandro Lemor, M.D. [2]; Alonso Alvarado, M.D. [3]; Vendhan Ramanujam M.B.B.S [4]

Overview

In the absence of an effective vaccine to prevent chikungunya virus infection, the only available tool to prevent the infection is by reducing the human-vector contact.

Methods to Reduce the Risk of Chikungunya Virus Infection

The mosquitoes that spread the chikungunya virus bite mostly during the daytime. The most effective means of prevention are those that protect against any contact with the disease-carrying mosquitoes.

The following recommendations help to prevent mosquitoes bites:

  • Use air conditioning or window/door screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
  • If you are not able to protect yourself from mosquitoes inside your home, sleep under a mosquito bed net.
  • Help reduce the number of mosquitoes outside your home by emptying standing water from containers such as flowerpots or buckets.
  • When weather permits, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
  • Use insect repellent. Repellents containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, and oil of lemon eucalyptus and para-menthane-diol products provide long lasting protection.
  • If you use both sunscreen and insect repellent, apply the sunscreen first and then the repellent.
  • Do not spray repellent on the skin under your clothing.
  • Treat clothing with permethrin or purchase permethrin-treated clothing.
  • Always follow the label instructions when using insect repellent or sunscreen.

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