Baruch Samuel Blumberg

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Template:Infobox Scientist Baruch Samuel Blumberg (born July 28, 1925) is a scientist fromt the United States and recipient of the 1976 Nobel Prize in Medicine for "discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases." Blumberg identified the Hepatitis B virus, and later developed the diagnostic test and vaccine for it.

Blumberg first attended Far Rockaway High School in the early 40s, a school that also produced fellow laureates Burton Richter and Richard Feynman.[1] He then attended Union College in Schenectady, NY and graduated with honors in 1945. He then entered the graduate program in mathematics at Columbia University but his interests turned to medicine and he enrolled at Columbia's College of Physicians and Surgeons, from which he received his M.D. in 1951. He remained at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center for the next four years, first as a resident and then as an intern. He then began graduate work in biochemistry at Balliol College, Oxford and earned his Ph.D. in 1957.

He has been a member of the Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia since 1964 and has held the rank of University Professor of Medicine and Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania since 1977. Concurrently, he was Master of Balliol College from 1989 to 1994. From[1999 to 2002, he was also director of the NASA Astrobiology Institute at the Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California.


  1. Schwach, Howard. "Museum Tracks Down FRHS Nobel Laureates", The Wave (newspaper), April 15, 2005. Accessed October 2, 2007. "Burton Richter graduated from Far Rockaway High School in 1948."
  • Payen, Jean-Louis; Rongières, Michel (2003), "[History of hepatitis. 3. The age of antigens and electronic microscopy]", La Revue du praticien (published 2003 Jan 1), 53 (1), pp. 7–10, PMID:12673918 Check date values in: |year=, |publication-date= (help)
  • Blumberg, Baruch S (2002), "Baruch Blumberg--hepatitis B and beyond. Interviewed by Pam Das.", The Lancet infectious diseases (published 2002 Dec), 2 (12), pp. 767–71, PMID:12467696 Check date values in: |year=, |publication-date= (help)
  • Raju, T N (1999), "The Nobel chronicles. 1976: Baruch S Blumberg (b 1925); Daniel Carleton Gajdusek (1923).", Lancet (published 1999 Oct 16), 354 (9187), p. 1394, PMID:10533898 Check date values in: |year=, |publication-date= (help)
  • Blumberg, B S; Alter, H J; Visnich, S (1984), "Landmark article Feb 15, 1965: A "new" antigen in leukemia sera. By Baruch S. Blumberg, Harvey J. Alter, and Sam Visnich.", JAMA (published 1984 Jul 13), 252 (2), pp. 252–7, PMID:6374187 Check date values in: |year=, |publication-date= (help)
  • Datta, R K; Datta, B (1977), "Nobel Prize winners in medicine (1976).", Journal of the Indian Medical Association (published 1977 May 16), 68 (10), pp. 216–8, PMID:333031 Check date values in: |year=, |publication-date= (help)
  • "[The Nobel prize for Medicine in 1976 (DC Gajdusek)(BS Blumberg)]", Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde (published 1976 Nov 13), 120 (46), p. 1981, 1976, PMID:796735 Check date values in: |year=, |publication-date= (help)
  • Salmi, A (1976), "[Nobel prize winners in physiology and medicine]", Duodecim; lääketieteellinen aikakauskirja (published 1976), 92 (23), pp. 1314–6, PMID:1001226 Check date values in: |year= (help)

Template:Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Laureates 1976-2000