|MANDOL® FDA Package Insert|
|Indications and Usage|
|Warnings and Precautions|
|Dosage and Administration|
Synonyms and keywords: Cephamandole
Cefamandole is a second-generation broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic. The clinically used form of cefamandole is the formate ester cefamandole nafate, a prodrug which is administered parenterally.
Cefamandole is no longer available in the United States.
US Brand Names
FDA Package Insert
Description | Clinical Pharmacology | Microbiology | Indications and Usage | Contraindications | Warnings and Precautions | Adverse Reactions | Drug Interactions | Overdosage | Clinical Studies | Dosage and Administration | How Supplied | Labels and Packages
Spectrum of Bacterial Susceptibility
Cefamandole has a broad spectrum of activity and can be used to treat bacterial infections of the skin, bones and joints, urinary tract, and lower respiratory tract. The following represents cefamandole MIC susceptibility data for a few medically significant microorganisms.
- Escherichia coli: 0.12 μg/mL - 400 μg/mL
- Haemophilus influenzae: 0.06 μg/mL - >16 μg/mL
- Staphylococcus aureus: 0.1 μg/mL - 12.5 μg/mL
The chemical structure of cefamandole, like that of several other cephalosporins, contains an N-methylthiotetrazole (NMTT or 1-MTT) side chain. As the antibiotic is broken down in the body, it releases free NMTT, which can cause hypoprothrombinemia (likely due to inhibition of the enzyme vitamin K epoxide reductase)(vitamin K supplement is recommended during therapy) and a reaction with ethanol similar to that produced by disulfiram (Antabuse), due to inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase.
CO2 is generated during the normal constitution of cefamandole & ceftazidim resulting in explosive like reaction in syringe.