Celiac artery

(Redirected from Celiac trunk)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Template:Infobox Artery

WikiDoc Resources for Celiac artery


Most recent articles on Celiac artery

Most cited articles on Celiac artery

Review articles on Celiac artery

Articles on Celiac artery in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ


Powerpoint slides on Celiac artery

Images of Celiac artery

Photos of Celiac artery

Podcasts & MP3s on Celiac artery

Videos on Celiac artery

Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Celiac artery

Bandolier on Celiac artery

TRIP on Celiac artery

Clinical Trials

Ongoing Trials on Celiac artery at Clinical Trials.gov

Trial results on Celiac artery

Clinical Trials on Celiac artery at Google

Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Celiac artery

NICE Guidance on Celiac artery


FDA on Celiac artery

CDC on Celiac artery


Books on Celiac artery


Celiac artery in the news

Be alerted to news on Celiac artery

News trends on Celiac artery


Blogs on Celiac artery


Definitions of Celiac artery

Patient Resources / Community

Patient resources on Celiac artery

Discussion groups on Celiac artery

Patient Handouts on Celiac artery

Directions to Hospitals Treating Celiac artery

Risk calculators and risk factors for Celiac artery

Healthcare Provider Resources

Symptoms of Celiac artery

Causes & Risk Factors for Celiac artery

Diagnostic studies for Celiac artery

Treatment of Celiac artery

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME Programs on Celiac artery


Celiac artery en Espanol

Celiac artery en Francais


Celiac artery in the Marketplace

Patents on Celiac artery

Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Celiac artery

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

The celiac artery, also known as the celiac trunk and also spelled as coeliac, is the first major branch of the abdominal aorta and branches from the aorta around the level of the T12 vertebra in humans. It is one of three anterior/ midline branches of the abdominal aorta (the others are the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries).

Region supplied

The celiac artery supplies oxygenated blood to the liver, stomach, abdominal oesophagus, spleen and the superior half of both the duodenum and the pancreas. These structures correspond to the embryonic foregut. (Similarly, the superior mesenteric artery and inferior mesenteric artery feed structures arising from the embryonic midgut and hindgut respectively. Note that these three anterior branches of the abdominal aorta are distinct and cannot substitute for one another, although there are limited connections between their terminal branches.)

The celiac artery is an essential source of blood, since the interconnections with the other major arteries of the gut are not sufficient to sustain adequate perfusion. Thus it cannot be safely ligated in a living person, and obstruction of the celiac artery will lead to necrosis of the structures it supplies.


There are three main divisions of the celiac artery, and each in turn has its own named branches.

Artery Branches
left gastric artery esophageal branch, hepatic branch
common hepatic artery proper hepatic artery,right gastric artery, gastroduodenal artery
splenic artery dorsal pancreatic artery, short gastric arteries, left gastro-omental artery

The celiac artery may also give rise to the inferior phrenic arteries.


The celiac artery is the only major artery that nourishes the abdominal digestive organs that does not have a similarly-named vein.

Most blood returning from the digestive organs (including from the area of distribution of the celiac artery) is diverted to the liver via the portal venous system for further processing and detoxification in the liver before returning to the systemic circulation via the hepatic veins.

In contrast to the drainage of midgut and hindgut structures by the superior mesenteric vein and inferior mesenteric vein respectively, venous return from the celiac artery is through either the splenic vein emptying into the hepatic portal vein or via smaller tributaries of the portal venous system.

Notably, the splenic vein carries bilirubin (the waste product of hemoglobin metabolism) to the liver for excretion via the bile duct.

Additional images

External links

Template:Arteries of thorax and abdomen

Template:WikiDoc Sources