Chronic stable angina risk stratification electrocardiogram/chest x-ray

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Chronic stable angina Microchapters

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Chronic Stable Angina
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Differentiating Chronic Stable Angina from Acute Coronary Syndromes


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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [2]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Cafer Zorkun, M.D., Ph.D. [3]; Smita Kohli, M.D.; Lakshmi Gopalakrishnan, M.B.B.S.


The presence of ECG abnormalities at rest and pulmonary venous congestion on CXR are associated with reduced LVEF which remains an important prognostic factor in patients with chronic stable angina.


  • The presence of ECG abnormalities at rest puts the patient at higher risk than the absence of ECG abnormalities at rest.[1]
  • Rest ECG abnormalities that are associated with poor outcomes include:

Chest X-Ray

The presence of cardiomegaly or pulmonary vascular congestion on chest X-ray is also associated with a poor prognosis.

ESC Guidelines- Clinical Evaluation and ECG for Risk Stratification (DO NOT EDIT)[7]

Class I
"1. Detailed clinical history and physical examination including BMI and/or waist circumference in all patients, also including a full description of symptoms, quantification of functional impairment, past medical history, and cardiovascular risk profile. (Level of Evidence: B)"
"2. Resting ECG in all patients. (Level of Evidence: B)"


  1. Hammermeister KE, DeRouen TA, Dodge HT (1979) Variables predictive of survival in patients with coronary disease. Selection by univariate and multivariate analyses from the clinical, electrocardiographic, exercise, arteriographic, and quantitative angiographic evaluations.Circulation59 (3):421-30. PMID: 761323
  2. (1980) Prospective randomised study of coronary artery bypass surgery in stable angina pectoris. Second interim report by the European Coronary Surgery Study Group. Lancet 2 (8193):491-5. PMID: 6105556
  3. Murphy ML, Hultgren HN, Detre K, Thomsen J, Takaro T (1977) Treatment of chronic stable angina. A preliminary report of survival data of the randomized Veterans Administration cooperative study. N Engl J Med 297 (12):621-7. [1] PMID: 331107
  4. Frank CW, Weinblatt E, Shapiro S (1973)Angina pectoris in men. Prognostic significance of selected medical factors. Circulation 47 (3):509-17. PMID: 4632503
  5. BLOCK WJ, CRUMPACKER EL, DRY TJ, GAGE RP (1952)Prognosis of angina pectoris; observations in 6,882 cases. J Am Med Assoc 150 (4):259-64. PMID: 14955434
  6. Ruberman W, Weinblatt E, Goldberg JD, Frank CW, Shapiro S, Chaudhary BS (1980)Ventricular premature complexes in prognosis of angina. Circulation 61 (6):1172-82. PMID: 7371129
  7. Fox K, Garcia MA, Ardissino D, Buszman P, Camici PG, Crea F; et al. (2006). "Guidelines on the management of stable angina pectoris: executive summary: The Task Force on the Management of Stable Angina Pectoris of the European Society of Cardiology". Eur Heart J. 27 (11): 1341–81. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehl001. PMID 16735367.

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