Diabetic ketoacidosis risk factors

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Syed Hassan A. Kazmi BSc, MD [2]


Common risk factors in the development of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) are young age, high mean glycosylated hemoglobin A1c, infection, low physical activity, depression, lack of health insurance, poor socioeconomic status, low body mass index, improper management of diabetes and unemployment.

Risk Factors

Factors increasing risk

The following factors are associated with an increased risk of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA):[1][2][3][4][5]

Factors decreasing risk

The following factors are associated with a reduced risk of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA):[6]


  1. Weinstock RS, Xing D, Maahs DM, Michels A, Rickels MR, Peters AL, Bergenstal RM, Harris B, Dubose SN, Miller KM, Beck RW (2013). "Severe hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis in adults with type 1 diabetes: results from the T1D Exchange clinic registry". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 98 (8): 3411–9. doi:10.1210/jc.2013-1589. PMID 23760624.
  2. "Clinical and socio-demographic factors associated with diabetic ketoacidosis hospitalization in adults with Type 1 diabetes - Butalia - 2013 - Diabetic Medicine - Wiley Online Library".
  3. Cengiz E, Xing D, Wong JC, Wolfsdorf JI, Haymond MW, Rewers A, Shanmugham S, Tamborlane WV, Willi SM, Seiple DL, Miller KM, DuBose SN, Beck RW (2013). "Severe hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis among youth with type 1 diabetes in the T1D Exchange clinic registry". Pediatr Diabetes. 14 (6): 447–54. doi:10.1111/pedi.12030. PMC 4100244. PMID 23469984.
  4. "Diabetes Care".
  5. Low JC, Felner EI, Muir AB, Brown M, Dorcelet M, Peng L, Umpierrez GE (2012). "Do obese children with diabetic ketoacidosis have type 1 or type 2 diabetes?". Prim Care Diabetes. 6 (1): 61–5. doi:10.1016/j.pcd.2011.11.001. PMC 3746511. PMID 22230097.
  6. "Factors associated with the presence of diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of diabetes in children and young adults: a systematic review | The BMJ".

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