Eczema physical examination

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1], Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Edzel Lorraine Co, D.M.D., M.D.


Eczema is a dermatologic disease and pruritus is the hallmark feature of this disease. [1]

Physical Examination

Table 1. Summary of Physical Examination.
System Findings
General Appearance Patient with eczema usually appears conscious, coherent, and not in cardiorespiratory distress.
Vital Signs Patient is usually normotensive and afebrile.
HEENT Head can be normocephalic.
Eyes can be normal.
Ears can be normal.
Nose can be normal.
Throat can be normal.
Chest / Lungs Respiration can be normal.
Cardiovascular Patient usually has no pertinent findings.
Abdomen Patient usually has no pertinent findings.
Skin / Extremities
More severe eczema (Image courtesy of Wikipedia).

A patch of eczema that has been scratched
(Image courtesy of Wikipedia).
Neurologic Patient usually has no pertinent findings.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Eichenfield LF, Tom WL, Chamlin SL, Feldman SR, Hanifin JM, Simpson EL; et al. (2014). "Guidelines of care for the management of atopic dermatitis: section 1. Diagnosis and assessment of atopic dermatitis". J Am Acad Dermatol. 70 (2): 338–51. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2013.10.010. PMC 4410183. PMID 24290431.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kulthanan K, Tuchinda P, Nitiyarom R, Chunharas A, Chantaphakul H, Aunhachoke K; et al. (2021). "Clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of atopic dermatitis". Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol. 39 (3): 145–155. doi:10.12932/AP-010221-1050. PMID 34246205 Check |pmid= value (help).