Erysipelas causes

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Luke Rusowicz-Orazem, B.S.


The most common cause of erysipelas is Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as group A streptococci. Additional Streptococcus causes include Group G Streptococcus, as well as Group B and C. Rarely, erysipelas is caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Common Causes

Erysipelas is usually caused by by β-hemolytic Streptococcus infection—particularly Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as group A streptococci.[1][2]

Additional Streptococcus causes include the following:

Rare Causes

Rarely, erysipelas is caused by the following:


  1. Eriksson B, Jorup-Rönström C, Karkkonen K, Sjöblom AC, Holm SE (1996). "Erysipelas: clinical and bacteriologic spectrum and serological aspects". Clin. Infect. Dis. 23 (5): 1091–8. PMID 8922808.
  2. Linder A, Johansson L, Thulin P, Hertzén E, Mörgelin M, Christensson B, Björck L, Norrby-Teglund A, Akesson P (2010). "Erysipelas caused by group A streptococcus activates the contact system and induces the release of heparin-binding protein". J. Invest. Dermatol. 130 (5): 1365–72. doi:10.1038/jid.2009.437. PMID 20107486.
  3. Hugo-Persson M, Norlin K (1987). "Erysipelas and group G streptococci". Infection. 15 (3): 184–7. PMID 3610323.
  4. Binnick, Alan N. (1980). "Recurrent Erysipelas Caused by Group B Streptococcus Organisms". Archives of Dermatology. 116 (7): 798. doi:10.1001/archderm.1980.01640310068023. ISSN 0003-987X.
  5. Bisno, Alan L.; Stevens, Dennis L. (1996). "Streptococcal Infections of Skin and Soft Tissues". New England Journal of Medicine. 334 (4): 240–246. doi:10.1056/NEJM199601253340407. ISSN 0028-4793.
  6. Chartier, Christian; Grosshans, Edouard (1990). "Erysipelas". International Journal of Dermatology. 29 (7): 459–467. doi:10.1111/j.1365-4362.1990.tb04833.x. ISSN 0011-9059.
  7. Milstein P, Gleckman R (1975). "Pneumococcal Erysipelas. A unique case in an adult". Am. J. Med. 59 (2): 293–6. PMID 1155485.

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