Impetigo risk factors

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Usama Talib, BSc, MD [2]


Impetigo is often associated with insect bites, cuts, and other forms of trauma to the skin. Humidity, obesity, corticosteroid use, chemotherapy, dysglobulinemias, leukemias and malnutrition are some other risk factors for impetigo.[1] Handwashing decreseas the incidence of impetigo by 34%.[2]

Risk Factors

Risk factors for impetigo include:[1][3][4][5][6][7][8]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Carroll JA (1996). "Common bacterial pyodermas. Taking aim against the most likely pathogens". Postgrad Med. 100 (3): 311–3, 317–22. doi:10.3810/pgm.1996.09.84. PMID 8795661.
  2. Luby SP, Agboatwalla M, Feikin DR, Painter J, Billhimer W, Altaf A; et al. (2005). "Effect of handwashing on child health: a randomised controlled trial". Lancet. 366 (9481): 225–33. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)66912-7. PMID 16023513. Review in: Evid Based Med. 2006 Jun;11(3):88
  3. Oumeish I, Oumeish OY, Bataineh O (2000). "Acute bacterial skin infections in children". Clin Dermatol. 18 (6): 667–78. PMID 11173202.
  4. Chiller K, Selkin BA, Murakawa GJ (2001). "Skin microflora and bacterial infections of the skin". J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc. 6 (3): 170–4. doi:10.1046/j.0022-202x.2001.00043.x. PMID 11924823.
  5. Adams BB (2002). "Dermatologic disorders of the athlete". Sports Med. 32 (5): 309–21. PMID 11929358.
  6. Hartman-Adams H, Banvard C, Juckett G (2014). "Impetigo: diagnosis and treatment". Am Fam Physician. 90 (4): 229–35. PMID 25250996.
  7. SHOOTER RA, SMITH MA, GRIFFITHS JD, BROWN ME, WILLIAMS RE, RIPPON JE; et al. (1958). "Spread of staphylococci in a surgical ward". Br Med J. 1 (5071): 607–13. PMC 2028078. PMID 13510743.
  8. Pereira LB (2014). "Impetigo - review". An Bras Dermatol. 89 (2): 293–9. PMC 4008061. PMID 24770507.

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