Nausea and vomiting risk factors

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Risk factors

  • Risk factors for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy include: [2]
    • increased number of prior miscarriages
    • increased gravidity
    • risk decreased with increasing age
    • twin births
    • Increased risk of nausea and vomiting after first trimester is seen in women who are less well educated, have lower incomes, and more likely in black women.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Gan TJ (June 2006). "Risk factors for postoperative nausea and vomiting". Anesth Analg. 102 (6): 1884–98. doi:10.1213/01.ANE.0000219597.16143.4D. PMID 16717343.
  2. Louik C, Hernandez-Diaz S, Werler MM, Mitchell AA (July 2006). "Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy: maternal characteristics and risk factors". Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 20 (4): 270–8. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3016.2006.00723.x. PMID 16879499.
  3. Sekine I, Segawa Y, Kubota K, Saeki T (June 2013). "Risk factors of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: index for personalized antiemetic prophylaxis". Cancer Sci. 104 (6): 711–7. doi:10.1111/cas.12146. PMC 7657206 Check |pmc= value (help). PMID 23480814.
  4. Hesketh, Paul J.; Aapro, Matti; Street, James C.; Carides, Alexandra D. (2009). "Evaluation of risk factors predictive of nausea and vomiting with current standard-of-care antiemetic treatment: analysis of two phase III trials of aprepitant in patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy". Supportive Care in Cancer. 18 (9): 1171–1177. doi:10.1007/s00520-009-0737-9. ISSN 0941-4355.

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