Odynophagia medical therapy

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Odynophagia Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Odynophagia from other Conditions

Epidemiology and Demographics


Risk Factors

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings


Chest X Ray



Echocardiography or Ultrasound

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sunny Kumar MD [2]

Medical Therapy overview

The treatment of odynophagia depends on it's etiology.

Medical Therapy of common causes of odynophagia:

Following are few common conditions of odynophagia. These conditions are managed accordingly:[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

Upper respiratory tract infections:

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis:

Lower esophageal spasms
Myasthenia gravis, Polymyositis, Scelroderma:
Gastroesophageal reflux disease:
  • Promotility agents, weight loss
  • Avoidance of offending food
  • Elevation of the head of the bed
Tumors of esophagus, lung or oral cavity:
Foreign body:
  • Surgical removal
  • Propelling agents (barium swallow as coin in children )

Approaching patient with Odynophagia

Alarm findings:
Weight loss
If present:
upper gut endoscopy
If normal
Proton pump inhibitors
therapeutic or empirical
If mucousal abnormality
seen than treat
If patient benefits
taper dose and maintain
If no benefit
order manomatery
Manomatery shows
Manomatery shows
Spastic motility disorders
Nutcracker esophagus
Hypertonic LES
Treat with
endoscopic procedure
Manomatery shows
Normal tone
Trear with pain killers


  1. Jalisi S, Jamal BT, Grillone GA (2017). "Surgical Management of Long-standing Eagle's Syndrome". Ann Maxillofac Surg. 7 (2): 232–236. doi:10.4103/ams.ams_53_17. PMC 5717900. PMID 29264291.
  2. Jalisi S, Sakai O, Jamal BT, Mardirossian V (2017). "Features of Prevertebral Disease in Patients Presenting to a Head and Neck Surgery Clinic with Neck Pain". Ann Maxillofac Surg. 7 (2): 228–231. doi:10.4103/ams.ams_54_17. PMC 5717899. PMID 29264290.
  3. Marques S, Carmo J, Pinto D, Bispo M, Ramos S, Chagas C (2017). "Cytomegalovirus Disease of the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract: A 10-Year Retrospective Study". GE Port J Gastroenterol. 24 (6): 262–268. doi:10.1159/000479232. PMC 5731150. PMID 29255766.
  4. Rama-López J, Tomás-Fernandez M, García-Garza C, Martínez-Madrigal M (2018). "Pharyngeal perforation after anterior cervical spine surgery treated by transoral endoscopic surgery". Head Neck. 40 (2): E13–E16. doi:10.1002/hed.25030. PMID 29206327.
  5. Kato MG, Isaac MJ, Gillespie MB, O'Rourke AK (2018). "The Incidence and Characterization of Globus Sensation, Dysphagia, and Odynophagia Following Surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnea". J Clin Sleep Med. 14 (1): 127–132. doi:10.5664/jcsm.6898. PMC 5734881. PMID 29198289.
  6. Teixeira C, Alves AL, Cremers I (2018). "Esophageal lichen planus: a rare case". Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 110 (1): 67–68. doi:10.17235/reed.2017.5332/2017. PMID 29168645.
  7. Chen L, Lai Y, Dong L, Kang S, Chen X (2017). "Polysaccharides from Citrus grandis L. Osbeck suppress inflammation and relieve chronic pharyngitis". Microb Pathog. 113: 365–371. doi:10.1016/j.micpath.2017.11.018. PMID 29146495.
  8. Kim YJ, Park JY, Choi KY, Moon BJ, Lee JK (2017). "Case reports about an overlooked cause of neck pain: calcific tendinitis of the longus colli: Case reports". Medicine (Baltimore). 96 (46): e8343. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000008343. PMC 5704790. PMID 29145245.
  9. Alamoudi U, Al-Sayed AA, AlSallumi Y, Rigby MH, Taylor SM, Hart RD; et al. (2017). "Acute calcific tendinitis of the longus colli muscle masquerading as a retropharyngeal abscess: A case report and review of the literature". Int J Surg Case Rep. 41: 343–346. doi:10.1016/j.ijscr.2017.10.063. PMC 5686463. PMID 29145108.
  10. Sopeña B, Limeres J, García-Caballero L, Diniz-Freitas M, Seoane J, Diz P (2018). "A Dramatic Case of Odynophagia". Dysphagia. 33 (1): 133–135. doi:10.1007/s00455-017-9861-8. PMID 29128948.
  11. Fukuda S, Watanabe N, Domen T, Ishioka M, Sawaguchi M, Ohba R; et al. (2018). "A case of esophageal actinomycosis with a unique morphology presenting as a refractory ulcer". Clin J Gastroenterol. 11 (1): 38–41. doi:10.1007/s12328-017-0797-1. PMID 29124648.
  12. Chi TH, Hung CC, Chen RF, Yuan CH, Chen JC (2017). "Spontaneous retropharyngeal emphysema: A case report". Niger J Clin Pract. 20 (9): 1213–1215. doi:10.4103/njcp.njcp_3_16. PMID 29072250.
  13. Jovov B, Reed CC, Shaheen NJ, Pruitt A, Ferrell K, Orlando GS; et al. (2017). "Fragments of e-Cadherin as Biomarkers of Non-erosive Reflux Disease". Dig Dis Sci. doi:10.1007/s10620-017-4815-4. PMID 29071486.
  14. Althuwaini S, Bamehriz F, Aldohayan A, Alshammari W, Alhaidar S, Alotaibi M; et al. (2017). "Prevalence and Predictors of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease After Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy". Obes Surg. doi:10.1007/s11695-017-2971-4. PMID 29043549.

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