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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]


Otolaryngology is the branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, throat, and head & neck disorders. The full name of the specialty is otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. Practitioners are called otolaryngologists-head and neck surgeons, or sometimes otorhinolaryngologists (ORL). A commonly used term for this speciality, although somewhat out of favor, is ENT (ear, nose and throat). The term comes from the Greek ωτολαρυγγολογία (oto = genitive for ear, laryngo = genitive for larynx/throat, logy = study) and it literally means the study of ear and neck. The full term ωτορινολαρυγγολογία (otorhinolaryngology), also includes rhino, which is the genitive of nose.


Otolaryngologists are medical doctors (MD,MBBS,MBChB,etc.) or osteopathic doctors (DO) who complete at least five years of surgical residency training. Currently, this comprises one year in general surgical training and four years in otolaryngology - head and neck surgery; in the past it varied between two and three years of each. Otolaryngology is considered to be one of the most competitive residency fields to match into.

Following residency training, some otolaryngologists elect to complete advanced subspeciality fellowship training which can range from one to three years in duration.


(*Currently recognized by American Board of Medical Subspecialties)

Head and Neck Facial plastics* Otology Neuro-otology* Rhinology/Sinus Laryngology Pediatrics* Sleep*
Surgical oncology Facial cosmetics Ear Middle and inner ear Sinusitis Voice therapy VeloPalatine-Insufficiency
Reconstruction Maxillofacial Hearing Temporal bone Allergy Phono-surgery Cleft Lip and Palate
Endocrine surgery Trauma Skull base Anterior skull base Airway
Dizziness Apnea and snoring Vascular Malformations
Cochlear Implant/BAHA

Topics in Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery

Contributors please visit the new Current Otorhinolaryngology WikiBook project[2] before posting your academic topics here. High-level professional-quality material needed!

General Otolaryngology

Head and Neck Surgery


Rhinology (Sinus diseases and anterior skull base)



Facial Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery


External links

Cleft lip and palate Microchapters


Patient Information




Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


History and Symptoms

Physical Examination



Psychosocial Issues

Primary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Otolaryngology On the Web

Most recent articles

cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides


American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Otolaryngology

All Images
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Otolaryngology

CDC on Otolaryngology

Otolaryngology in the news

Blogs on Otolaryngology

Directions to Hospitals Treating Cleft lip and palate

Risk calculators and risk factors for Otolaryngology

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