Rhinosinusitis epidemiology and demographics

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Dima Nimri, M.D. [2]


The incidence of acute rhinosinusitis and prevalence of chronic rhinosinusitis have a wide range, depending on the setting.

Epidemiology and Demographics

Rhinosinusitis is a condition that is more common in adults (age 18-64) than children, mostly because of more developed sinus cavities. The incidence of acute sinusitis ranges between 1,500 to 4,000 per 100,000 cases per year, depending on the setting.[1] Chronic sinusitis, on the other hand, is described in terms of prevalence. It is estimated that the prevalence of chronic sinusitis is 12,300 per 100,000 cases per year. [2] Conditions such as asthma, hay fever, and rhinosinusitis seem to be more prevalent in women than men.[3]


  1. Fleming DM, Cross KW, Barley MA (2005). "Recent changes in the prevalence of diseases presenting for health care". Br J Gen Pract. 55 (517): 589–95. PMC 1463227. PMID 16105366.
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2016) http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/sinuses.htm Accessed on September 23, 2016.
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1997) https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_205.pdf Accessed on September 27, 2016.

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