Urinary incontinence causes

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Urinary incontinence Microchapters


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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Jyostna Chouturi, M.B.B.S [2] Luke Rusowicz-Orazem, B.S.


Urinary incontinence is commonly caused by conditions affecting bladder integrity, including infections, neoplasms, surgical procedures, and internal sources of trauma, such as nutrition and water intake. It can also be caused by congenital and acquired neurological, muscular, and renal conditions.


Life Threatening Causes

Common Causes

Causes by Organ System

Cardiovascular Cerebrovascular accident, Foix-alajouanine syndrome, Stroke
Chemical/Poisoning Alcohol, Artificial sweeteners, Botulinum toxin, Bromophos, Carbamates, Corn syrup, Demeton-s-methyl, Diuretics, Ethion, Fensulfothion, Fenthion, Food additives, Monocrotophos, Msg, Sulfite, Terbufos, Tetraethyl pyrophosphate, Toxic mushrooms
Dental No underlying causes
Dermatologic No underlying causes
Drug Side Effect Aldicarb, Aldomet and phenoxybenzamine interaction, Ambenonium, Amines, Amodopa and phenoxybenzamine interaction, Antihistamines, Azinphos-methyl, Bethanechol chloride, Cypermethrin, Cystocele, Diazinon, Dichlorvos, Dicrotophos, Dioxathion, Distigmine, Disulfoton, Diuretics, Donepezil, Malathion, Meropenem, Methidathion, Methiocarb, Methomyl, Methyldopa and phenoxybenzamine interaction, Neostigmine, Parathion, Polyuria, Prazosin, Profenofos, Salicylate, Tiagabine
Ear Nose Throat No underlying causes
Endocrine Adult polyglucosan body disease, Congenital disorder of glycosylation, Hormone replacement therapy, Menopause, Primary polydipsia, Transthyretin amyloidosis
Environmental No underlying causes
Gastroenterologic Adult polyglucosan body disease, Congenital disorder of glycosylation, Constipation, Fecal impaction, Sphincter weakness, Sphincteric atony, Stool impaction
Genetic Autosomal dominant leukodystrophy , Basal ganglia calcification, Chromosome 11, Chromosome 13, Deletion 11p, Duplication of urethra, Ehlers-danlos syndrome, Lipomyelomeningocele, Meningocele, Pelizaeus-merzbacher disease, Sacral defect , Schaefer-stein-oshman syndrome, Spina bifida, Wagr syndrome, Wohlwill-andrade syndrome, Wolfram's disease
Hematologic Autosomal dominant leukodystrophy , Diabetes mellitus
Iatrogenic Hormone replacement therapy, Hysterectomy, Obstetric surgery, Pelvic surgery, Prostate surgery, Prostatectomy, Vaginal surgery
Infectious Disease Infection, Schistosoma haematobium, Tropical spastic paraparesis, Urinary tract infection
Musculoskeletal/Orthopedic Autoimmune myelopathy, Foix-alajouanine syndrome, Immobility, Intervertebral disc herniation, Lipomyelomeningocele, Pelvic cancer, Pelvic fracture, Pelvic surgery, Quadriplegia, Restricted mobility, Spastic paraplegia , Spinal cord injury, Spinal cord neoplasm, Spinal fracture, Spinal muscular atrophy , Spondylitis, Sports injuries, Tethered spinal cord syndrome, Vertebral fracture
Neurologic Autonomic neuropathy, Autonomic seizure, Basal ganglia calcification, Binswanger disease, Brain failure, Cauda equina syndrome, Cerebral palsy, Cerebrovascular accident, Combat stress reaction, Convulsions, Delerium, Dementia, Epilepsy, Grand mal seizures, Hydrocephalus, Idiopathic parkinson's disease, Immobility, Limbic encephalitis , Meningocele, Mitochondrial parkinson's disease, Multiple sclerosis, Nerve conditions, Neurogenic bladder, Neurogenic diabetes insipidus, Neuropathic bladder dysfunction, Normal pressure hydrocephalus, Obstructive nephropathy, Olivopontocerebellar atrophy, Paraplegia, Parkinson disease , Pudendal nerve entrapment, Quadriplegia, Restricted mobility, Shy-drager syndrome, Spastic paraplegia , Spina bifida, Spinal muscular atrophy , Wohlwill-andrade syndrome
Nutritional/Metabolic Artificial sweeteners, Caffeine, Carbonated drinks, Citrus fruits, Coffee, Corn syrup, Diabetes mellitus, Obesity, Spicy foods, Sugary foods, Tea
Obstetric/Gynecologic Childbirth, Hysterectomy, Menopause, Multiparity, Obstetric surgery, Postpartum, Pregnancy, Urethrocoele, Uterine prolapse, Vaginal surgery, Vaginitis, Vesicovaginal fistula
Oncologic Bladder cancer, Metastatic prostate cancer, Pelvic cancer, Prostate cancer, Spinal cord neoplasm, Tumor, Wilms tumor
Ophthalmologic Olivopontocerebellar atrophy
Overdose/Toxicity Alcohol, Caffeine, Citrus fruits, Msg
Psychiatric Anxiety, Binswanger disease, Combat stress reaction, Delerium, Depression, Stress incontinence
Pulmonary Andrade's syndrome, Obstructive sleep apnea
Renal/Electrolyte Nephrolithiasis, Primary polydipsia, Wilms tumor
Rheumatology/Immunology/Allergy Andrade's syndrome, Autoimmune myelopathy, Autonomic neuropathy, Spondylitis, Transthyretin amyloidosis
Sexual Sexual intercourse
Trauma Cauda equina syndrome, Detrusor instability, Pelvic fracture, Spinal cord injury, Spinal fracture, Sports injuries, Urethrocoele, Uterine prolapse, Vertebral fracture
Urologic Bladder cancer, Bladder fistula, Bladder spasms, Bladder stones, Congenital bladder conditions, Detrusor instability, Duplication of urethra, Enlarged prostate, Enuresis, Epispadias, Infrequent voiding, Metastatic prostate cancer, Neurogenic bladder, Neurogenic diabetes insipidus, Neuropathic bladder dysfunction, Outlet obstruction, Overactive bladder, Prostate cancer, Prostate hyperplasia, Prostate surgery, Prostatectomy, Stress incontinence, Structural problems, Urethral diverticulum, Urinary tract infection, Urinary tract malformation, Urine retention, Vesicovaginal fistula
Miscellaneous Aging, Inflammation

Causes in Alphabetical Order


  1. Sailer, Christian, Wasner, Susanne. Differential Diagnosis Pocket. Hermosa Beach, CA: Borm Bruckmeir Publishing LLC, 2002:77 ISBN 1591032016
  2. Kahan, Scott, Smith, Ellen G. In A Page: Signs and Symptoms. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishing, 2004:68 ISBN 140510368X

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