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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. ; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Jesus Rosario Hernandez, M.D. 
Synonyms and keywords: Voyeurism
Voyeurism is the sexual interest in or practice of spying on people engaged in intimate behaviors, such as undressing, sexual activity, or other actions usually considered to be of a private nature.
- Conduct disorder
- Antisocial personality disorder
- Antisocial behaviors
- Substance use disorder
Epidemiology and Demographics
The prevalence of voyeuristic disorder is 12,000 per 100,000 (12%) among the male population and 4,000 per 100,000 (4%) among the female population.
- Childhood sexual abuse
- Substance misuse
- Sexual preoccupation
Natural History, Complications and Prognosis
Poor prognostic factors include:
- Sexual interest in secretly unsuspected people
- Intense sexual frustration
- Psychiatric morbidity
- Sexual impulsivity
DSM-V Diagnostic Criteria for Voyeuristic Disorder
- A. Over a period of at least 6 months, recurrent and intense sexual arousal from observing an unsuspecting person who is naked, in the process of disrobing, or engaging in sexual activity, as manifested by fantasies, urges, or behaviors.
- B. The individual has acted on these sexual urges with a nonconsenting person, or the sexual urges or fantasies cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
- C. The individual experiencing the arousal and/or acting on the urges is at least 18 years of age.
- In a controlled environment: This specifier is primarily applicable to individuals living in institutional or other settings where opportunities to engage in voyeuristic behavior are restricted.
- In full remission: The individual lias not acted on the urges with a nonconsenting per son, and there has been no distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning, for at least 5 years while in an uncontrolled environment.